Vol 1, no. 3 (2010) Special Issue: Creativity and Learning

10. Indigenous Musical Arts In The Limpopo Province

Morakeng Edward Kenneth Lebaka


The implementation of the Creative and Performing Arts (CPA) syllabus at pre-schools and early elementary schools level in Sekhukhune area, Limpopo Province in South Africa has been carried out without paying due regard to all that should be in place. As a result, the implementation exercise has been hampered by some administrative and logistical problems. The content for Creative and Performing Arts as a curriculum subject draws from Western culture, primarily due to the proliferation of literary sources for such content. It has therefore been a matter of urgent concern to establish the extent to which local culture, in the form of indigenous musical arts, have been integrated into the syllabus.
The results of this research suggest that the indigenous musical arts in the Creative and Performing Arts syllabus content are generally representative of the culture of the Pedi people. But the indigenous musical arts content in the Creative and Performing Arts syllabus could be representative of the indigenous culture of Bapedi to a much greater extent, especially as it allows for the use of local resources and contains objectives that explicitly refer to the inclusion of the musical culture of a local community. Current limitations are mainly caused by the teachers’ shortcomings in terms of appropriate teaching approaches and their vague understanding of the main concept that they should master, namely ‘integration’. The results of the study further indicate that teachers 1) cover most of the indigenous musical arts in their lessons, and 2) are usually able to relate music with physical education, but are unable to integrate content as much as it is practicable due to lack of knowledge and skill on their part. The conclusion reached is that the syllabus allows the teacher the freedom to draw as much as possible from the community, thus making learning more relevant to the learner. With regard to syllabus implementation, the implementation exercise is hampered by the absence of appropriate resources and facilities as well as the necessary support in the form of needs-oriented in-service training. Owing to lack of resources and in-service training that addresses specific needs, the teachers are not very effective in syllabus delivery. The main research question, which has given impetus to this research is: How representative of the indigenous culture of the Pedi children is the musical arts content in the Creative and Performing Arts (CPA) syllabus, and what problems have been encountered in the implementation of the syllabus?

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Edward Lebaka

Morakeng Edward Kenneth Lebaka

J Dr Morakeng Edward Kenneth Lebaka is one of the editorial board members of “AFRICAN MUSICOLOGY ON-LINE”, an International peer-reviewed, e-journal on African Musicology. He has a deep-seated understanding of music and musical processes. He is at present Research Associate in the Music Department at the University of Pretoria in South Africa as well as the Artistic Director of the University of Pretoria in South Africa.
He places a high premium on research and considers the creation, application and transfer of knowledge as one of its major tasks. His research areas and interests include intercultural aspects of music education, the school music curriculum, African music in education, educational management, sourcing the ethno-musicological focus in musicology and musical tourism as a dimension of music education. His numerous awards reflect teaching, travel, research and developments grants, and he has given much service on a wide variety of committees and councils. Workshops, Clinics and presentations he has given cover subjects as diverse as early childhood music education, African music, Choir conducting, Brass instruments and careers in music: curriculum development and mentoring new teachers. Dr Lebaka is currently busy with his second doctoral degree, Doctor Musicae (DMUS) in Music Education with the University of Jyväskyla (Finland).



Vol 2, nr. 1 (2011)
Kreativitet og køn - Creativity and Gender
Deadline: March 7., 2011
Release: March 25., 2011


Vol 1, nr. 4 (2010)
Kreativitet og ledelse - Creativity and Leadership
Deadline: December 1., 2010
Release: December 20., 2010

Vol 1, nr. 3 (2010)
Specialudgave: Kreativitet og læring - Special Issue: Creativity and Learning
Deadline: August 23., 2010
Release: October 1., 2010

Vol 1, nr. 2 (2010)
Kreativitetens praksis - The Practice of Creativity
Deadline: Maj 3., 2010
Release: Maj 31., 2010

Vol 1, nr. 1 (2010)
Kreativitetens værensformer - Creativity and Modes of Being
Deadline: January 25., 2010
Release: February 15., 2010